CÓDIGO PENAL SEGÚN LEY N° 1768 DE MODIFICACIONES AL CÓDIGO PENAL
LIBRO SEGUNDO PARTE ESPECIAL
TÍTULO I: DELITOS CONTRA LA SEGURIDAD DEL ESTADO
CAPÍTULO IV: DELITOS CONTRA EL DERECHO INTERNACIONAL
ARTICULO 138.- (GENOCIDIO): El que con propósito de destruir total o parcialmente un grupo nacional, étnico o religioso, diere muerte o causare lesiones a los miembros del grupo, o los sometiere a condiciones de inhumana subsistencia, o les impusiere medidas destinadas a impedir su reproducción, o realizare con violencia el desplazamiento de niños o adultos hacia otros grupos, será sancionado con presidio de diez a veinte años. En la misma sanción incurrirán el o los autores, u otros culpables directos o indirectos de masacres sangrientas en el país.
Si el o los culpables fueren autoridades o funcionarios públicos, la pena será agravada con multa de cien a quinientos días
PENAL CODE ACCORDING TO LAW N° 1768 OF MODIFICATIONS TO THE PENAL CODE
BOOK SECOND SPECIAL PART
TITLE I CRIMES AGAINST THE SECURITY OF THE STATE
CHAPTER IV Crimes Against International Law
I ARTICLE 138.- (GENOCIDIO) : The one that with purpose of destroying total or partially a national, ethnic or religious group, will give death or cause injuries to the members of the group, or will put under them conditions of cruel subsistence, or will impose on them measures destined to impede their reproduction, or will carry out with violence the displacement of children or adults to other groups, will be sanctioned with military prison for ten to twenty years. In the same sanction will be incured the direct or indirect authors, or others guilty direct of bloody massacres in the country.
If the guilty are authorities or public officials, the punishment will be aggravated with [multa] from a hundred to five hundred days.
The Bolivian Penal Code, which has been in force since 2 April 1973, does not classify racism or any form of social discrimination as an offence; however, it does establish the equality of citizens before the law and penalizes genocide in the following terms: "Art. 5. Criminal law recognizes no personal exemptions or privileges, but its provisions shall apply to persons aged over 16 at the time of the act. Art. 138. (Genocide) Anyone who, with the intention of totally or partially destroying a national, ethnic or religious group, inflicts death upon or causes injury to the members of the group, subjects them to inhuman living conditions, imposes measures intended to prevent them from reproducing, or violently effects the displacement of children or adults towards other groups shall be punished by a prison sentence of from 10 to 20 years. The same punishment shall apply to the perpetrators or other persons directly or indirectly guilty of sanguinary massacres within the country. If the culprits are authorities or officials, the penalty shall be increased by a fine of from 100 to 500 days' pay."
CERD/C/281/Add.1 12 July 1995 ENGLISH Original: SPANISH Thirteenth periodic report of States parties due in 1995 : Bolivia. 12/07/95. CERD/C/281/Add.1. (State Party Report)
(Article 1 (7)) of the Penal Code provides that national courts have jurisdiction to try those crimes which were committed abroad, independently of the nationality of the person presumed responsible and that of the victim, when the state, through international treaties or conventions, has pledged to punish them.
Boliva signed the Genocide Convention on December 11, 1948, the first day the Convention was open for signature. Despite the early signature, as of the year 2000 Bolivia has still not ratified the Convention, one of three nations among the original 43 signing countries not to take this next step. The other two countries are the Dominican Republic and Paraquay.